:::Bahrain:::

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:::Bahrain:::

Post  fatima.J on Wed Feb 13, 2008 6:07 pm

Main article: History of Bahrain
For the historical region, see Bahrain (historical region).
Bahrain has been inhabited since ancient times and has even been proposed as the site of the Biblical Garden of Eden[citation needed]. Its strategic location in the Persian Gulf has brought rule and influence from the Assyrians, Babylonians, Greeks, Persians, and finally the Arabs, under whom the island became Muslim. Bahrain was in ancient times known as Dilmun, later under its Greek name Tylos[2], then as Awal, and then by the Persian name Mishmahig, when it was a part of the Persian Empire.

The islands of Bahrain, positioned in the middle south of the Persian Gulf, have attracted the attention of invaders throughout history. Bahrain is Arabic for "two seas", referring to the sweet water springs that can be found within the salty sea surrounding it[3]

A strategic position between East
Until Bahrain adopted Islam in 629 AD, it was a centre for Nestorian Christianity[4]. In 899, a millenarian Ismaili sect, the Qarmatians, seized hold of the country and sought to create a utopian society based on reason and the distribution of all property evenly among the initiates. The Qarmatians caused disruption throughout the Islamic world: they collected tribute from the caliph in Baghdad; and in 930 sacked Mecca and Medina, bringing the sacred Black Stone back to Bahrain where it was held to ransom. They were defeated in 976 by the Abbasids [5].and West, fertile lands, fresh water, and pearl diving made Bahrain long a center of urban settlement. Pearl diving was the main economy until cultured pearls were invented in early twentieth century and more when oil was discovered in 1930s. About 2300 BC, Bahrain became a centre of one of the ancient empires trading between Mesopotamia (now Iraq) and the Indus Valley (now in Pakistan and India). This was the civilization of Dilmun (sometimes transliterated Telmun) that was linked to the Sumerian Civilization in the third millennium BC. Bahrain became part of the Babylonian empire about 600 BC. Historical records referred to
Bahrain with names such as the "Life of Eternity", "Paradise", and Eden. Bahrain was also called the "Pearl of the Persian Gulf".


Until 1521, when the Portuguese conquered the Awal Islands, "Bahrain" referred to the larger historical region of Bahrain that included Ahsa, Qatif (both now within the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia) and the Awal (now the Bahrain) Islands. The region stretched from Basrah to the Strait of Hormuz in Oman. This was Iqlīm al-Bahrayn "Bahrayn Province" and the Arab inhabitants of the province, descendants of the Arab tribe Banī 'Abdu l-Qays. Since the Portuguese conquest, "Bahrain" has referred to the area that is now the modern state of Bahrain.

From the sixteenth century to 1743, control of Bahrain drifted between the Portuguese and the Iranians.

In the late eighteenth century, the al-Khalifa family and the Al-Dawasir invaded and occupied Bahrain ending Persian control[6]. In order to secure Bahrain from returning to Iranian control, the Emirate entered into a treaty relationship with the United Kingdom and became a British protectorate. The population of the island at the time was estimated to be less than 10,000 persons.


Very Happy

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Re: :::Bahrain:::

Post  Nariman.A on Thu Feb 14, 2008 4:34 pm

[b Exclamation Exclamation Very Happy ]that was so good i hope u work always [/b]
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THANK YOU

Post  Rawan Fouad Asad on Thu Feb 21, 2008 3:43 pm

THANK YOU FOR THE GREAT INFORMATION NICE ONE AND EVEN MORE THANK YOU FOR YOUR JOB cheers
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Re: :::Bahrain:::

Post  littel big brain on Mon Mar 15, 2010 5:40 pm

GREAT INFORMATION

THANK YOU FATIMA...!! Cool
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Re: :::Bahrain:::

Post  Z.A.Redha on Tue Mar 16, 2010 8:06 pm

Thanks Nice Topic
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Re: :::Bahrain:::

Post  miss naughty on Fri Mar 19, 2010 3:34 pm

A really usefull information

Thanks for sharing

love you all,

miss naughty
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Re: :::Bahrain:::

Post  Silver [ Zainab Jameel ] on Mon Mar 22, 2010 8:18 pm


thanks my sis
love u
keep it up

wish you all the best huni
<333




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